Unemployment Laws by State

Even I had limited understanding about unemployment laws eligibility requirements when I first went to work for a cost control company.  

Limited - as to the reason why an employer would fight claims, so as to not have to pay frivolous claims for benefits.

I was once a bookkeeper for my father's construction company.   Part of my job was to calculate and pay the quarterly unemployment taxes.  I calculated them per a tax rate called an experience rating, on all employees wages .. at least until their gross earnings had reached a threshold called the wage base.  

(The wage base is generally, 26 X any state's maximum weekly benefit amount, which of course varies by state).)

But I swear, I never had occasion to dig deeper into the eligibility sections of unemployment statues because a charge statement  was never sent .. or it might of made me choke to just think about the increase due to a new experience rating. 

Aside from how State Unemployment Tax, provision work, (which pays for regular unemployment benefits) an employer must also pay a hefty federal unemployment tax.

Federal unemployment tax is what paid for a portion of those tiers of federal emergency extended benefits until the United States had to begin taking out low interest loans to pay for extended benefits and loan money to insolvent states.  

Federal UI taxes are also used to give operational grants to all state unemployment agencies.  The amount of the grants are based upon state agency performance guidelines.  

(BAM, or Benefit Accuracy Measurements include heavy emphasis on detecting wrongly paid out benefits.)

The unemployment insurance program, as we know it today, is modeled on one of the first worker protective acts .. the Railroad Retirement Act .. which I'm sure had some Robber Barrons of the day, up in arms thinking the federal government was sticking it's nose where it didn't belong .. the welfare of a nation .. vs the welfare of recently unfettered corporations.

Unemployment Laws About Eligibility to Be Paid Unemployment Benefits 

I think they are difficult to understand for the same reason any law can be difficult for the legally untrained to understand

Because we're human and we have a hard time thinking about ourselves as just a number.

And all of us at at one time, will experience our own denial of what is right, wrong, and even indifferent, about our own actions.

But it is in trying to just the last two, that creates the arguments found in unemployment laws.

So find your objectivity .. and dig in if you can't afford professional coaching, or representation for an appeal hearing.

I start to narrow my focus on an issue by first using the ... 

 USDOL's Unemployment Laws Comparison Charts.

before it's time to go see the dentist .. often call an  Employment Security Act

Employment Security Acts Need Interpretive Resources for the DIYer

Be aware, maintaining the links below is  a part-time job for me because states and federal governments move information all the time.  

If you find a broken link, please email me and I'll find where it wen and fix it.



Administrative Code


 Precedent Decisions
California UIBDG (good one)

CDLE Reference Library


Delaware - Do you know where




Unemployment Digest


Iowa Adjudication Guide





Maryland                                                                Decision Digest

Massachusetts                                                 DUA Service Rep Manual

Decision Digest







New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico                                         Precedents

New York                                                 Interpretation Index

North Carolina Statues

NC Precedent Manual

North Dakota

Ohio Statutes                             Precedent  Abstract

Oklahoma                                   Precedent Manual



Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota


Texas                                                 Precedents



Precedent Manual

Washington State

Washington DC

West Virginia

Wisconsin                                    Precedents


Many discussions in the  Q&A's  link to specific pages  in many of the resources to help explain the reasoning behind any answer or question I might of asked.

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