Can you collect unemployment benefits when you quit your job?
Yes you can .. if you meet your burden and prove the reason you quit was attributable to the work, or the employer.
But, this only becomes the case when after making all reasonable efforts to exhaust alternatives that might resolve your problem with your job, the unemployment dept. agrees that further effort on your part would of been futile.
So, when quitting your employment, it's important for the employee, to understand why benefits are contingent upon not just your decision to voluntarily resign (you are the moving party), but being able to prove there was a problem and you made efforts to resolve, or correct it BEFORE you quit.
This is why I actively preach documenting any problems in an employment relationship.
It may become useful evidence at an unemployment appeal hearing .. and it may be pivotal to prove your choice to move first, i.e. quit when you did, was indeed the fault of the employer who wouldn't listen to reason, or comply with an actual employment law after you exhausted an often overlooked effort to exercise a right to avoid having to voluntarily quit your employment.
It's better to focus on why you think you MUST quit your job.
But, I suspect you mean like the lists of general reasons found in the other resources on the unemployment law page that often include all the sub-categories of why people leave a job.
Many times over, I have tried to discuss the reasoning behind why a person quit as it related to how I know good cause works for purposes of collecting unemployment.
It can be frustrating if the person quit for an unreasonable cause but keeps insisting there must be some way around fulfilling that stupid burden they never tried to fulfill before they quit.
Employees who quit and continue to ignore the efforts they must make to indicate their willingness to at least try to preserve the job are how the myth was born you have to get fired to collect unemployment.
But, I'm telling you now, without those efforts to understand, evaluate and then fulfill your burden you are ignoring the very thing that lies between you and benefits after quit your job .. never quit your job.
There are about twelve states who have constructed their unemployment statutes to say good cause for quitting due to personal reasons is possible. Those states would not be included in the following chart that do require attribution of the cause for quitting, to the employment in some way.
Before you get excited because your state is not included in the chart, you should know it is prefaced by the following information:
In many states, good cause is explicitly restricted to good cause connected with the work, attributable to the employer, or involving fault on the part of the employer. However, in a state where good cause is not explicitly linked to the work, the state may interpret its law to include good personal cause or it may limit it to good cause related to work. Since a state law limiting good cause to the work is more restrictive, it may contain specific exceptions that are not necessary in states recognizing good personal cause. (For example, an explicit provision not disqualifying an individual who quits to accompany a spouse to a new job might not be necessary in a state that recognizes good personal cause; it would be necessary in a state restricting good cause to that related to the work.)
How might the scenario of quitting for a personal good cause reason to follow a spouse not work out well for you? By ignoring your burden to prove good cause for the personal reason to quit.
So, let's ake a look at Pennsylvania. The state does not require attribution for a voluntary quit to be connected only to the employment. Here's there information about meeting the burden of a voluntary quit to follow a spouse.
Even if you wouldn't be collecting PA unemployment compensation you should see that fulfilling a burden of even personal reasons that can be good cause for quitting, often lead back to find out if you, or your spouse in this case, had good cause to leave their employment in the first place.